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Passover 3:
"The Holy Convocation And How It Is Celebrated"

Passover 3 is Part three of the series "What Is Passover All About?"

If you have not done so READ:

PART 1

AND

PART 2


Let's open our bible and learn how this Festival was kept to help us understand how to keep it today.


Lev 23:4  These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. 

Lev 23:5  In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S Passover. 

Lev 23:6  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. 

Lev 23:7  In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 

Lev 23:8  But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 

Notice the words Convocation/s. What does that mean and what is it's significance? Let's look at the Hebrew word and it's meaning.

Convocation

H4744

miqra or mik-raw

Passover 3: Hebrew Definitions

Brown-Driver-Briggs

Hebrew Definitions


מקרא

miqrâ'

 1) convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together

1a) convocation, sacred assembly

1b) convoking

1c) reading


Strong's Concordance


מקרא

miqrâ'

mik-raw'

From H7121; something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the place); also a rehearsal: - assembly, calling, convocation, reading.


Passover 3 Continues

As we look at the word convocation we see that it not only means a sacred assembly or meeting but it also states in  the definition of Strong's Concordance the words "a rehearsal". These holy convocations are also rehearsals of Yahweh's master plan of salvation and eternal life for mankind. As we are keeping these festivals we are rehearsing and practicing which also serves to ingrain in our mind Yahweh's plan. Every year that we keep these Festivals and come into His presence we gain more and more revelation and understanding of the plan of Yahweh.


Passover 3--What Does Scripture Say?

We are told in scripture that we should have a Holy Convocation on the first day and the seventh day and do no regular work. It is like the weekly Sabbath--a day of rest and meeting together in the presence of Yahweh.

Lev 23:3  Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings. 

The instructions continue further telling us that we should eat unleavened bread for seven days.


Lev 23:6  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.

Not only are we instructed to eat bread with no leavening agent in it (yeast, baking soda, baking powder and anything that puffs up bread) but we are instructed that no leavening should be found in our possession during that seven day period.


Exo_12:15  Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. 

Exo_12:19  Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. 

Exo_13:7  Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters. 


Passover 3--The Do's and Dont's

As we know the lamb is the central point of the start of the Festival which is called Passover (Pronounced Pesach in Hebrew). Passover starts at sunset and the meal includes roasted lamb, bitter herbs and unleavened bread. 

The lamb had to be without blemish and set aside for the purpose of Passover on the tenth day of the month--4 days before Passover. specific instructions for the slaughter of the lamb, what to do with the blood, cooking it and disposing of what was left were also given. Let's look in the bible for the details:

Exo 12:1  And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 

Exo 12:2  This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 

Exo 12:3  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 

Exo 12:4  And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. 

Exo 12:5  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 

Exo 12:6  And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 

Exo 12:7  And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 

Exo 12:8  And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 

Exo 12:9  Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 

Exo 12:10  And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. 

Exo 12:11  And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S Passover. 




Passover 3--These Were The Instructions

1. Set aside the lamb without blemish on the tenth day of the month

2. Kill the lamb on evening of fourteenth day of month

3. Spread the blood on the side and upper posts of the door of the house

4. Roast the whole lamb with fire

5. Eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs

6. Anything left over would have to be burned with fire

7. Eat it with their clothes on ready to go

 

Passover 3--Also Read These Scriptures

Exodus 12:12-27, Deuteronomy Chapter 16

Passover 3--Offering of a Sheaf of First Fruits

The morning after eating the Passover was considered a High Holy Day as mentioned above starting what is called the Days of Unleavened Bread. During these days there was always a weekly Sabbath, and that Sabbath had special significance. There was a wave sheaf /first fruits offering that was required the day after that Sabbath.


Lev 23:10  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest unto the priest: 

Lev 23:11  And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 

Lev 23:14  And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 

Lev 23:15  And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: 

Lev 23:16  Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.



NOTE: The phrase "from the morrow after the Sabbath" has brought  misunderstanding and disagreement among those who keep these days, as to which Sabbath is spoken about. Some contend that the Sabbath talked about is the actual High Holy Day--others say it is the weekly Sabbath talked about. What confirms which Sabbath it is that we are to be counting from is Lev. 23:16..."Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall you number fifty days;..."

This counting is important because it gives us the day for the next Festival Feast of Weeks or Pentecost. More on this in the future.

Passover 3

So the day after the weekly Sabbath is when the first fruits of  the grain harvest is offered as a wave offering. This is always a Sunday and it usually coincides with the day that is celebrated as Resurrection Sunday (known by many as Easter). This ends Passover 3. We will continue in the next portion of this series ("What Passover All About") with what is said in the "New Testament" about  Yahshua's (Jesus') role in the keeping of Passover.   

 


Passover 3--Recap Of Main Points

  Set aside the lamb without blemish on the tenth day of the month

Clean out leavening out of our dwellings and possessions and keep it out for entire seven days

  Kill the lamb on evening of fourteenth day of month

  Spread the blood on the side and upper posts of the door of the house

  Roast the whole lamb with fire

  Eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs

  Anything left over would have to be burned with fire

  Eat it with their clothes on ready to go

Holy Convocation on Day 1 and Day 7

Eat unleavened bread for seven days

  The day after the weekly Sabbath (Sunday) is when the first fruits of  the grain harvest was offered as a wave offering.

To Be Continued...


Contributing Author: Ahveekhy Ben BinahYah



Part 1

Part 2

Passover 3 to Home Page

Part 4

Additional Links

Blood Covenant 1

Blood Covenant 2


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